Islamic Architecture Patterns; A Great Ornament In Islam
Most Islamic art, be it in Islamic architecture patterns, textiles, ceramics, or books, is an ornament. The pattern’s hidden purpose would be to turn mosques into a bright and shiny body, and the decoration of the pages of the Quran makes them a gateway to infinity. Many Islamic designs and patterns are based on squares and circles that are usually repeated, overlapping, and intertwined to form complex as well as intricate patterns.
A habitual pattern is an eight-pointed star that can often be seen on Islamic tiles. It consists of two stunning squares, one of which rotates at 45 degrees from the other. The fourth basic shape is the polygon, which contains pentagons and octagons. All of these can be combined and revised to form intricate Islamic architecture patterns with a variety of symmetries.
These Islamic architecture patterns can be seen as mathematical tessellations that can stretch indefinitely and therefore indicate infinity. They are based on grids, which only necessitate a compass and ruler to draw. Roman Verostko, an artist and educator, says such buildings are algorithms that make Islamic geometric patterns the forerunners of modern algorithmic art.
Circle Islamic Architectural Patterns
The patterns of Islamic circular architecture symbolize diversity and unity in nature, and several of these patterns are built, beginning with a circle. For instance, the 15th-century Yazd’s mosque adornment in Iran is genuinely based on a circle that is separated into circles (six by six), all of which touch their center and touch each other’s two neighbors to form a regular hexagon. A six-pointed star is built on this base, delimited by six irregular smaller hexagons to create a tessellation star pattern. That forms the fundamental design in white on the wall of the mosque.
However, the design of these Islamic architecture patterns is overlaid with a lattice that crosses blue around tiles of other colors and forms an artistic pattern that partially hides the original and underlying composition. A similar design forms the logo of the Mohammed Ali Research Center.
The Pattern Of The Alhambra Palace In Granada
The mathematical properties of the decorative mosaics and stucco patterns of the Alhambra Palace in Granada, Spain, have been studied in detail. One of the first western students of Islamic patterns defined such a pattern that was constructed from contact polygons using construction lines. He observed that many different combinations of polygons could be used as long as the residual spaces between the regular Islamic architecture patterns are reasonably followed.
Circles have played an essential role in the Islamic architecture patterns structure, and designers have used it extensively. Many patterns of Islamic architecture, such as the revolver, octagon, triangle, square, and pentagram, have been created by repeating, overlapping and interlocking squares and circles in complex patterns, with some rooms filled and some rooms left.
The Eight Stars Consist Of Two Squares
The eight stars were often used in the Islamic mosaic and generally consisted of two squares, one of which was 45 degrees in the other. Other polygons such as pumpkin and octagon were also used. These shapes can be combined to create intricate Islamic architecture patterns through various forms of symmetry, such as rotation and reflection. These patterns could be viewed as geometric mosaics that can stretch indefinitely. Roman Verstico, a famous artist, says that these mosaics forms are indeed algorithms, which makes Islamic designs the forerunners of the art of modern algorithms.
Some experts explained that Muslim decorators used a system in which professional networks were divided into identical units. Units that return regularly; for this purpose, the area is divided into squares or pistols of similar size, with a geometric shape. Shape, which serves as the basis for the grid on which the outline of this unit is built! Every unit of each structure is connected with some other related units to form the general form of this area.
For example, the decorations of the mosque in Yazd in Iran contain the central circle, which is divided into six circles. Each with six parts and each runs through the center of the neighboring circles to form a hexagon. So the hexagonal stars were shaped with smaller, more irregular pistols, and the entire design is a mosaic motif. The Mohammed Ali Research Center has adopted a similar design for Islamic architecture.
The Lines Of Islamic Architecture Patterns
Ernest Hanbury Hankin, one of the first students of Islamic decoration, described it as a decoration consisting of baselines that result from the contact of polygons. He noted that the combination of polygons could be employed as long as the residual spaces in the polygons are balanced. For example, if an evaluation network connection is framed in the areas between octagons!
The earliest geometric shapes in Islamic design were occasionally isolated geometric shapes such as 8-pointed stars and diamonds with squares. It dates from 836 in the Great Mosque of Kairouan, Tunisia, and these Islamic architecture patterns have spread throughout the Islamic world.
Community And Culture
With the increase of Muslims in the world! The size and number of Islamic architecture patterns have continued to evolve in many places. And again, it has continued to improve as most of them now vary in their services, some have school. While others have graves or hospitals! When it comes to construction, most Islamic architectures around the world tend to be the same. Still, their size varies depending on the resources available to the local community and culture.
However, some peculiarities are common to all mosques around the world. One of them is the minaret, a thin tower that rises from a mosque, and originally served as the high point from which they could call adhan (prayer).
Finally, the next development, which marked the intermediate stage in the use of the Islamic architecture patterns, consisted of 6 and 8-point stars, which appeared in the Cairn Ibn Tulun Mosque in 879 and then became general. A wider variety of 11th century Islamic architectural patterns was used. The abstract 6, as well as the 8 point shapes, come into view in the Kharaqan Tower in Qazvin, Persia in the year 1067, and again, in the famous Al Juyushi Mosque architecture, Egypt, in 1085, which spreads from there.