An overview of what’s taj mahal.

Taj Mahal is the most luxurious architectural piece of the Mughal empire. The greatest mausoleum of the world was built by Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor. Shah Jahan constructed it in the memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The construction of museums was started after the death of Mumtaz Mahal in 1632. It took about sixteen years for its completion. The great wonder of the world was completed in 1648. It is located on the bank of river Yamuna. The Yamuna is present in Agra, the state of Utter Pradesh, India. It covers an area of about 55.5 acres. It utilized a handsome amount of 32 million for its construction. Ustad Ahmed Lahori was the renowned court architecture of the Mughal empire. He formed an architectural committee under his supervision for construction of Taj Mahal. Persian, Mughal, and ancient Islamic architectural styles were blended in its construction. Shah Jahan thought the Taj Mahal, as similar to the house of Mumtaz Mahal in Heaven.

Taj Mahal and tomb

The astonishing mausoleum is now among the seven new wonders of the world. It attracts tourists and visitors from all over the world. About 8 million tourists from every corner of the world, visit the mausoleum each year.

 The historical story of Mumtaz Mahal

Arjumand Begum was the beloved daughter of Persian virtuous. Shah Jahan married Arjumand in 612. Arjumand Begum was the second wife of Shah Jahan. Shan Jahan considered her the women of extraordinary characters. Shah Jahan falls in love with his wife. He gave her the title of Mumtaz Mahal. Mumtaz Mahal assisted Shah Jahan in all the matters of state. On 17th June 1631, Mumtaz Mahal took her last breath at Burhanpur. She was having complications in the delivery of her fourteen daughters. She was buried for some time in one of the gardens of Burhanpur, called Zainabad. The death of Mumtaz Mahal caused depression in shah Jahan. Shah Jahan did not visit his court for weeks. The death of Mumtaz Mahal built a strong relationship of shah Jahan with Allah Almighty. Utmost weeping in the memory of his beloved wife made his eyes worsen. Shah Jahan banned all the celebrations for a few days. He left music, Jewelry in the grief of his wife. One the uncle of Shah Jahn advised him to come back to life for his children and his tears may cause pain to Mumtaz Mahal in Heaven. His daughter Jahanara Begum also helped her father to come back to his normal life.

History

Pre Mughal architecture

The founder of the Mughal dynasty gave a spark to Mughal architecture. In 1526, he built a Mughal garden in Agra. He took inspiration from the Persian architectural style. Later, another garden Aram Bagh was constructed. Architectural style gardens became the symbol of Mughal empire rulers.

Different Muslim rulers before Mughals has constructed tombs. In the whole Islamic history, a large number of tombs of Muslims kings and saints can be found. People consider them high value and visit their tombs occasionally. Although, this concept is wrong in view of the Quran and Hades. Humayun, the great Mughal emperor tomb was constructed in 1556 after his death, from the falling staircase. Later, Akbar tomb and Jahangir tomb were also built.

Structure of Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal is divided into the following sections:

Tomb

The tomb is considered the center of attention of the Taj Mahal. The tomb has coatings of white marble. It is characterized by a large hall, having rectangular symmetry. The top of the tomb contains a large white marble dome. It has a height of 115ft. It covers the top of the tomb-like a snow cap cover the mountains. The four smaller domes are also present adjacent to the central dome. All four domes are present on every corner of the tomb. At the uppermost part of the dome, a knob is present, which is a symbol of decoration of both Persian and Mughal architectural styles. The knob was made of gold, later replaced by bronze. The tomb is in rectangular symmetry with equal four sides, having a width of 55 meters. Each outer wall of the tomb has distinctive complex chambered cubes. Corner of every two walls was specified by chamfered shape cutting of white marble.

Taj Mahal from outside

The whole tomb is surrounded by four equal minarets. The minarets are directly located in Infront of chamfers. They have a height of 130ft.  There is a particular distance between the corners of the tomb and minarets. The minarets are comprised of three parts. All the top areas of minarets were characterized by the presence of glided knobs. The center of the inner hall has sarcophagus of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan. The sarcophagus is a funeral box which is made of stones of multi-complex cuttings. Although Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are buried in the graves, below the sarcophagus.

Outer decoration of the tomb

The tomb has a covering of white marble. White marble was carved with different plant motifs. The marble at the top has many small holes, with different complex shapes. Calligraphy was also done at the entrance of the tomb. Arabic inscriptions and Persian poems are more prominent in calligraphy.

Interior decoration of the hall

The hall is having an octagonal shape. There are many entry points to enter in hall. But only the south door is used. The floor of the hall was covered by piercing tile work. Different types of flowers were carved on the walls of the hall. The inner hall has total eight of the arches. The wall has a total height of 82ft. At the height of 41ft, in the middle of the walls, all the arches are topped by another arch. There are four main balconies in the upper arches. The windows of balconies were made by marble of unique intricate cuttings.

Intricate work of marble

The inner hall has also astonishing work of gemstone. The gemstone is an expensive stone that is used in jewelry. Calligraphy work was also sprinkled inside the hall. Rectangular shape tiles on walls were covered by vines of flowers and fruits, in craved form.

Graves of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal

The graves of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan were decorated with calligraphy and gemstone work. The grave of Mumtaz Mahal is smaller as compared to Shah Jahan. On the top site of the grave of Shah Jahan sculpture of pen, the box is present. One of the calligraphy verses is written on the grave of Shah Jahan. “He traveled from this world to the banquet-hall of Eternity on the night of the twenty-sixth of the month of Rajab, in the year 1076 Hijri”.

Charbagh

The Charbagh garden is located in Infront of the tomb. It has an area of about 300m. The garden was divided into equal quarters. The pool is located in the central Infront of the tomb. The length of the pool is higher than its width. Pool present the reflection of tomb. Pool is surrounded by two side pathways, which led towards the tomb. It is thought to be similar to heaven gardens, in terms of fountains, flowers, plants, and trees. The tomb is not located in the center of the garden. It is located at the end of the garden, Infront opposite the pool.

Surrounding buildings (what’s taj mahal)

Red sandstone is used in the construction of the outer walls of the Taj Mahal. Wall covered the three sides of the Taj Mahal. The fourth side was bordered by river Yamuna. Several other tombs are also present outside the boundary of the Taj Mahal. One prominent tomb among all was built by Shah Jahan, for the favorite servant of Mumtaz Mahal. Remaining small tombs are of Shah Jahan’s other wives.

Two buildings are present parallel to one another within the boundary of Mahal. The main tomb is present in the center of these two buildings.

    River Yamuna on the back of the main tomb, tomb surrounded by two buildings

These two buildings are made of red sandstone. Three domes cover the outer of both buildings. The central dome is larger than the other two. One building was built as a mosque, as it contained a mihrab. The floor of this building is different from others, in respect of tiles. In mosque large arch-shaped tiles were used to offer prayers. The other building was used as a guest house.

Entrance door (what’s taj mahal)

The main door of the Taj Mahal involves the use of the Persian architectural style. Red sandstone was used in its construction. The Main archy of the gate has a coating of marble. Art of calligraphy sprinkled on the main door of the Taj Mahal. The main central arch has a total of six arches.

Entrance door (what’s taj mahal)

 These six arches are present on the wall in front of the main arch. The wall is divided into two parts. The upper half of wall has three arches. The lower half of the wall has one door in the center surrounded by two arches. The outer main arch is surrounded by four arches. Two towers were built on the two sides of the main arch. The towers have octagonal geometry.

Taj Mahal today (what’s taj mahal)

Taj Mahal is the center of attention of tourists and visitors from all over the world. This includes renowned painters, photographers, political personalities and many others. The mausoleum is controlled by the government of India. The special archeological committee was formed by the government of India for the preservation of the great mausoleum. The Muslims of India offer Friday prayers in the mosque of the Taj Mahal. Funds for maintenance and preservation are provided by the Indian government.

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